After months of threatening military manoeuvres and negotiations in bad faith

 After months of threatening military manoeuvres and negotiations in bad faith,

launched an all-out assault on Ukraine. European leaders and the European Parliament have condemned this 

unprovoked and unjustified military aggression in the strongest possible terms, as it grossly violates international 

law and undermines European and global security. Ukraine applied for EU membership on 28 February, and 

Moldova followed with its own application on 3 March. The European Council granted candidate country status 

to both countries on 23 June 2022. During the first month of fighting, Ukrainians repelled many Russian attacks, 

conducted counter-offensives and liberated some areas, most significantly around the capital Kyiv. On 2 March, 

the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution reaffirming Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity 

with a broad majority. 

The war has left thousands of Ukrainian civilians dead and injured, and cities partially razed to the ground. 

According to the UNHCR, more than 5.2 million refugees, mostly women and children, have been recorded as 

having fled to neighbouring countries. In addition, as of 23 June the International Organization for Migration 

estimates that more than 6.2 million people have been internally displaced, despite the fact that 5,5 million

internally displaced people have already returned to their homes. European Parliament resolutions have 

highlighted the situation of women and children fleeing the war. The EU and its allies, within and beyond NATO, 

have adopted hard-hitting sanctions aimed at causing severe damage to the Russian economy. 

In an unprecedented move, the EU mobilised resources under the European Peace Facility to provide military 

assistance, including lethal equipment, to Ukraine. On the humanitarian front, the EU is providing aid, including 

through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, and has activated the Temporary Protection Directive. Humanitarian 

aid mobilised by the European Commission consists of €348 million of humanitarian funding in response to the 

war in Ukraine, of which €335 million for Ukraine and €13 million for Moldova. 

The conflict has become Europe's worst security crisis since the end of the Second World War. The future impact 

of the war not only on the EU economy but also on other economies is largely unknown, depending not least 

on the duration of the war and on policies adopted by countries and companies around the world to find 

alternatives sources of energy, raw materials and food. Cereal and oilseed exports from Ukraine are being hit 

hard, not only because of the war but also because of the Russian blockade of Ukraine's ports on the Black Sea.

All EPRS publications related to this topic can be found in one place on the EPRS blog. At the end of this topical 

digest we also present all our audiovisual material related to Russia's war on Ukraine.

Russia's war on Ukraine

The following series of EPRS publications, explore in details the EU response to the Russian attack, as well 

as the military power of both Ukraine and Russia.


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